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are Two Timely Articles
The Lordís Supper
and the Days of Unleavened Bread
By: Jim Josephsen
On Sunday, April 13th 2014, shortly after
sunset, the Chicago Intercontinental Church of God
will commemorate the Lordís Supper service. Known
traditionally as the Christian Passover, the Lordís
Supper occurs on the night of, which is the
beginning of, the 14th day of the first
month (of the sacred
calendar), just after sunset of the 13th.
This service does not commemorate the Passover (of
which we read in Exodus 12), for the Passover
meal consumed by Israel under the guidance of Moses
and the passing over of the Eternal in the land of
Egypt, all took place some 24-28 hours later in the
sequence of time. The Passover lamb was sacrificed
at the end of the 14th day of the first
month (just prior to the 15th
day of the first month) and the passing over
of the Eternal to slay the firstborn in Egypt
occurred on the 1st day of Unleavened
Bread, the 15th day of the first month.
The Children of Israel, under the leadership of
Moses departed in haste from Egypt on the 15th
day of the first month, the First Day of Unleavened
Bread (Numbers 33:3,
In our modern times, the Seder meal as celebrated by
the Jews, as well as the Night to be Much Remembered
meal as celebrated by those affiliated with the
seventh-day Sabbath Churches of God are both meals
which commemorate the Passover meal of Exodus 12.
The unique and highly solemn observance, as called
by the Apostle Paul, the Lordís Supper,
was introduced by Jesus Christ, as a memorial of the
New Covenant, which he initiated. The Lordís Supper
is not a Seder meal; not a Night to be Much
Remembered meal, not a Passover meal. Never before
in the religious history of Ancient Israel or Judah
was there a celebration or activity performed on
this night, the night of, the beginning of the 14th
day of the first month (this
night call; the night in which the Lord was
betrayed (cf. 1 Corinthians 11:23)).
On this night, in which Jesus Christ was betrayed,
our Savior introduced the elements, the symbols of
the New Testament. Jesus Christ took of bread
(unleavened, flat bread Ė representing His pure,
sinless body) and of the cup of the fruit of the
vine (representing His blood of the New Testament,
His perfect sacrifice for the forgiveness of sins)
and through these two elements introduced the New
Notice what Paul has taught us. That the Lord
Jesus the same night he was betrayed took bread: and
when he had given thanks, he brake it and said, Take
eat: this is my body, which is broken for you: this
do in remembrance of me. After the same manner also
he took the cup when he had supped, saying, this cup
is the new testament in my blood: this do ye, as
often as you drink of it, in remembrance of me. For
as often as you eat this bread and drink this cup,
you do show the Lordís death until he comes (1
And from the book of Matthew, we can read words
which Christ himself spoke: And he took the cup and
gave thanks and gave it to them saying, Drink you
all of it; for this is my blood of the new
testament, which is shed for many for the remission
of sins (Matthew
Each year, once a year, on the actual date, the
actual night of its original occurrence in the year
31 AD, the servants, the disciples of Jesus Christ,
those baptized into His body, those under the New
Covenant (Testament), Godís very elect, commemorate
the event and reaffirm their acceptance of and
commitment to keeping their part of the New
Covenant, the agreement they willing enter into with
God, the Father and Jesus Christ.
Each year, once a year, as a commemoration and
annual celebration, members of the Intercontinental
Church of God commemorate the memorial of the New
This solemn observance, this partaking of the bread
and the cup occurs some 24 hours before the
observance of the Passover meal.
In 31 AD the sequence of event were as follows:
Before the feast of Passover, Christ and his
disciples ate a supper (John
13:2, 4; Luke 22:20) called the Lordís
Supper Ė on the night, the beginning of the 14th
day of the first month. The night continued and
Christ was betrayed, arrested and set to trial
throughout the night and into the morning; scourged
and place on the stake at the 3rd hour (9:00am).
Then at the 9th hour (3:00
in the afternoon) of the 14th day
of the first month (a day
called the preparation day or preparation of the
Passover in the New Testament Ė cf. Mark 15:42,
Luke 23:54; John 19:14, 31, 42), Jesus
Christ was slain, sacrificed on the stake, a spear
piercing his side.
The Passover Lambs were sacrificed in the
Temple from 3:00pm (the 9th
hour) until the 12th hour (about
6:00pm of the 14th day of the first month).
The Passover lambs were then roasted and the
Passover meals were eaten in the homes that late
evening, the ending of the 14th/night of,
the beginning of the 15th day of the
first month, the First Day of Unleavened Bread.
Jesus Christ died on the 14th day of the
first month and by so doing could not eat the
Passover with His disciples that year; for by the
time the nation of Judah was eating the Passover
meal, Christ was in the tomb. He was buried before
the High Day/Sabbath commenced. He was buried barely
before the sunset of the 14th day of the
first month, just prior to the First Day of
Unleavened Bread, the 15th day of the
The First Day of Unleavened Bread (this
year falling on April 15th, 2014)
is the first of Godís seven annual Holy Days (cf.
Leviticus 23:5-8; Numbers 28:16-25).
The Feast of Unleavened Bread is also called the
Passover (cf. Luke 22:1)
or Feast of Passover because of its close
association with the Passover activates. It was on
the First Day of Unleavened Bread that the Eternal
passed over the land of Egypt, at midnight (cf. Exodus 12:12, 27, 29).
During the seven-day Feast of Unleavened Bread,
those faithful and obedient to God the Father and
Jesus Christ will not consume any leavened foods.
Six days later, the second annual Holy Day; the Last
Day of Unleavened Bread (the
21st day of the first month cf. Exodus
12:18) occurs (this
year falling on April 21st, 2014).
Much wisdom and spiritual insight can be gained
through understanding the meaning of these days. By
observing and actually keeping these days in Holy
convocation will avail Godís people the opportunity
to read from the Bible and hear the very Word of God
expounded, allowing us to comprehend greater truths
relating to Godís plan of salvation and His Love for
To learn more about the Lordís Supper and the
Holy Days, click on to the links below.
The Old Testament
Passover, the Lordís Supper and the Time of Christís
Passover Ė Is it
Godís Holy Days
Sincerity and Truth
By: Jim Josephsen
The Apostle Paul admonished the
Corinthian Church to keep the feast (of
Unleavened Bread) in sincerity and
truth (cf. 1 Corinthians 5:8).
Certainly Paul, in teaching this congregation of
God, comprised mainly of gentiles, taught them that
by observing the seven days of unleavened bread,
they were to refrain from, and avoid eating leavened
bread or leavened foods.
By observing and obeying this physical
law and physically doing something (refraining
from eating leaving while replacing the leavened
foods with unleavened foods), spiritual
principles would be derived. That holds true for all
the laws of God. As we read in Romans 7:14,
for we know that the law is spiritual. We are
to not only physically keep the laws but we are to
spiritually keep them. We not only do them, we think
them. Our heart and spirit, our attitude and
character is the Law of God. This is what is meant
when God said to those of us who have His Spirit;
I will put my laws in their hearts and in their
minds I will write them.
Christ emphasized the spirit of the law
when he taught, you have heard that it was said
by them of old (pertaining to a law of God) but
quickly showed the spiritual practice, the spirit of
that law. He showed the spiritual application of a
physical law. The physical performance, the doing of
the law is the foundation showing us how we should
keep and experience those same laws spiritually, in
our mind and attitude (cf. Matthew 5:17-48).
If our minds are set right, the physical behavior
will do right.
Now when Paul wrote to the Corinthian
Church about the feast days, he told them to keep
the feast (that is, avoid eating leavening
for seven days and in place of the leavening, they
were to eat unleavened foods). In so doing
this physical act, they were to understand that
spiritually, that is of their heart and mind,
attitude and character, they were to root out,
eradicate, and eliminate malice and wickedness. They
were to get rid of all that puffs up and corrupts
the character and behavior of the person.
Paul further stressed that they were to
eat the unleavened bread of sincerity and truth,
while keeping the feast. While eating unleavened
bread, physically, for seven days, the brethren in
Corinth were to understand (spiritually
speaking) that they were to be ingesting and
digesting sincerity and truth into
their very mind and spirit, attitude, behavior and
character. The physical practice set the pattern for
the spiritual reality.
Just what is meant by Truth? We know:
Thy word is truth (John 17:17); Thy
law is the truth (Psalm 119:142); All
thy commandments are truth (Psalm 119:151);
Jesus Christ is the truth (John 14:6).
All that pertains to God and all that radiates from
God is truth and in Him is no lie.
And what of sincerity? What Paul taught
the Corinthians was not something new. Notice
Joshua 24:14. Now therefore fear the Eternal
and serve him in sincerity and truth: and put
away the gods which your fathers served on the other
side of the river and in Egypt; and serve the Lord.
It seems sincerity and truth
is a common theme, a requirement which God expects
of His people. As we keep the feast, we are serving
God. As we keep the feast physically, we are
reminded that our spirit and mind must radiate a
character and attitude of sincerity and truth.
Just what is sincerity? The dictionary
definition tells us Ė the quality or state of
being sincere; honesty of mind; free from hypocrisy.
The Greek word for sincerity is
elikreeniah, which means: cleanliness,
purity; judged by sunlight; tested as pure.
As we keep the Feast of Unleavened
Bread, let us do so with the unleavened bread of
Godís word and His Laws foremost in
our hearts and minds, having a spirit and character
of purity, honesty, being free of hypocrisy,
as we stand before Jesus Christ and one another.